RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) — Without it, Nadia Comaneci is just another gold-medal winning gymnast from Eastern Europe.
The Perfect 10 made the Romanian superstar more than a champion. It made her a legend.
Yet four decades after her barrier-shattering uneven bars routine in Montreal — the one that ended with Comaneci and coach Bela Karolyi initially staring at the scoreboard in confusion when it read 1.00 because it wasn’t outfitted to put up the first 10.0 in Olympic history — perfection is harder to achieve.
The International Gymnastics Federation abandoned the 10-based system a decade ago in favor of a more complicated formula designed to better separate the best in the world. Yet something seemed to get lost even as gymnasts like American Simone Biles — heavily favored to win the all-around title on Thursday night — pushed the sport to unprecedented heights.
The scores Biles puts up are astounding. It’s just that the 16s that Biles regularly posts on vault — a level her peers seldom match — don’t translate. Yes, they’re awesome. They’re just not “perfect.” And 28 years after the last 10 in Olympic gymnastics, Comaneci wonders if that needs to change.
The new system divided scoring into two parts. One — the ‘D’ score — is based on what you do. The other — the ‘E’ score — is how well you do it. Gymnasts build their ‘D’ score throughout the routine by connecting one element to the other. The more connections, the higher the score. Yet the more you do, the more likely you are to get sideways at some point, dropping your execution score.
A little complicated, right? At the elite level, a good ‘D’ score starts at 5.0 and can reach 7.0. The ‘E’ score is set on a 10.0 format. Technically perfection is attainable. It’s just that no routine has been awarded a 10.0 since the new system was introduced.
The closest the sport gets these days is Biles on vault, where her Amanar — a round off onto the block followed by 2½ twists — is unequaled. During U.S. Championships last spring, she landed it dead center of the mat with an almost imperceptible hop. The judges gave her a 16.3, including a 9.9 for execution.
“Guts,” Karolyi said with a laugh. “Perfection is really very hard but I think on the other hand that the FIG a little bit intimidates the judges and educates them in a style that they are afraid to give higher scores.”
Biles won’t quite go that far. Asked if she remembers where she might have erred and she shrugged her shoulders and laughed.
“My toes might have been crossed maybe,” she said, her tone making it sound more like a guess than a fact.
Longtime judge Kittia Carpenter was on the floor that afternoon in Indianapolis while serving as then coach for defending Olympic champion Gabby Douglas. She watched Biles soar. Was it worthy of a 10? Carpenter thinks it was as close as she’s seen. Seeing it, however, and writing it down on a card is another matter.
“It is kind of in our minds as a judge that there must be something in there that I didn’t quite catch,” Carpenter said. “And you think that I couldn’t possibly give a 10 or the whole world will come yell at the U.S.”
Gymnastics is not the only judged Olympic sport where the notion of “perfect” is rare. It’s much the same in diving and figure skating, leaving the athletes to create an inner scoreboard of their own. They know when they’ve maxed out, even if the scores don’t reflect it.
“I think you know it when it happens,” American diver David Boudia said. “You know when you hit a dive because everything feels fluid.”
The FIG created the new code to help continue to push gymnastics forward.
“You’re always striving for something more,” said four-time Olympic medalist Shawn Johnson. “Before, if you hit it (perfect marks), there was nowhere else to go. Now it is endless.”
“It was like everyone had the chance to get the high score of 10.0 with different ways,” said Hambuechen, a four-time Olympian. “Now everyone knows if you want to have a high D score you have to do these skills and these skills are sometimes too dangerous for some people.”
“We took away the most iconic symbol of our sport,” said UCLA women’s coach Valorie Kondos Field. “It would be like taking away the Hail Mary when it’s caught in the end zone. If you’re a gymnastics fan and you see a 10, you talk about it the rest of your life.”
“Someone out there will say ‘Simone’s vault isn’t perfect,'” Biles said. “If I’m happy with it, that’s what I think matters the most.